17.08.21 Daily KPSC Current Affairs

KARNATAKA

 

At 83,000 hectares, Karnataka has third highest forest encroachments

 

With more than 83,000 hectares of its forest land under encroachment, Karnataka has the third highest illegal occupancy of forests in India, behind only Madhya Pradesh and Assam, notwithstanding efforts by consecutive governments.

According to data from the ministry of environment, forests and climate change, more than 13.3 lakh hectares of forests are under encroachment across the country.

Of this, Karnataka alone has 83,092.3 hectares, which, according to local authorities, includes families occupying forests without permission. Here’s some perspective: The extent of forest area under encroachment is more than the size of Bengaluru — the city has a land area of about 74,000 hectares — and more than four times the size of Mysuru.

In Karnataka, the issue of forest encroachment has for long been both a critical and sensitive one. While there are encroachments for commercial activity, the other, more sensitive type of encroachment, has been by families living in areas they shouldn’t.

 

As per Union ministry data, of 13.3 lakh hectares, more than 40% of the encroachment is in Madhya Pradesh, followed by Assam, which accounts for 27% of the encroached land. Although Karnataka’s share is much less — around 6% — compared to these two states, it occupies the third place, followed by Maharashtra and Arunachal Pradesh.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Exercise Between India and Saudi

 

Al-Mohed Al-Hindi Exercise set to begin between the navies of India and Saudi Arabia.

This is the first bilateral naval exercise between the navies of India and Saudi Arabia.

The sea section has already begun.

For a deeper appreciation of each other’s operational practices, lectures by difficulty rely on experts from both navies were additionally held.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

Common Survey to Count Tigers and Elephants

India will adopt a system that will count elephants and tigers from December as a common survey.

Highlights:

 

The announcement was made on August 12 on the occasion of World Elephant Day.

The tiger survey will be held in four years, and elephants are surveyed once in five years.

Since 2006, the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, which is affiliated with the Environment Ministry, has had a standardised protocol used by States to estimate tiger numbers.

Tigers are counted based on sightings in camera traps and indirect estimation methods. Elephant numbers largely depend on States directly counting the elephants.
In recent years, techniques such as analysing dung samples have been deployed to estimate elephant birth rates and population trends.

 

There were 2,997 tigers by the 2018-19 survey and 29,964 elephants by the 2017 survey in India.

Given that 90% of the area occupied by elephants and tigers is common, and after standardisation of estimation methods, having a common survey can significantly save costs.

 

Export of 5 Varieties of Apple – APEDA

 

APEDA in collaboration with HPMC (Himachal Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd) exported the first consignment of 5 special varieties of apples in order to promote agricultural and processed meals merchandise exports to more recent destinations.

Five varieties of apples consisting of Dark Baron Gala, Royal Delicious, Scarlet Spur, Red Velox and Golden Delicious were exported to Bahrain. These apples were sourced from farmers of Himachal Pradesh.

The first consignment used to be exported with the aid of APEDA registered DM Enterprises.

Apples to be showcased at the apple promotion programme equipped by the main retailer known as the Al Jajira group.

 

 Mango export: In July 2021, the consignment of Geographical Identification (GI) licensed Fazil mango was exported to Bahrain in order to improve mango export attainable from the eastern location to centre east countries. Mangoes were sourced from the Malda district of West Bengal. It used to be exported by means of APEDA registered DM agencies in Kolkata and imported by the Al Jazira crew in Bahrain.

 

 

Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana – Department of Social Justice and Empowerment

 

A Central Sector Scheme called Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana (RVY) is being applied via the Department of Social Justice and Empowerment with a goal to supply senior citizens, belonging to the BPL category and those who from suffering from age-related disabilities/infirmities, with such bodily aids and assisted residing devices which can restoration close to normalcy in their bodily functions.

 

About the Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana:

It is a scheme for presenting bodily aids & assisted-living devices for senior citizens belonging to the Below Poverty Line category.

Items like such as walking sticks, elbow crutches, walkers, tripods, quadpods, hearing aids, wheelchairs, artificial dentures, spectacles, etc. are provided.

It is absolutely funded via the Central Government.

The scheme is carried out through the Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation (ALIMCO), which is the sole implementing agency.

 

A Milestone in Installed Renewable Energy Capacity

 

India achieves 100 GW Milestone of Installed Renewable Energy Capacity.

The whole established renewable strength potential in India, except for massive hydro, has crossed the milestone of a hundred GW.

India stands at 4th function in the world in phrases of installed RE capacity, 5th in solar and 4th in wind in phrases of mounted capacity.

If giant hydro is included the installed RE capability will increase to 146 GW.
The fulfilment of an established RE capacity of 100 GW is a necessary milestone in India’s ride in the direction of its target of 450 GW by 2030.

 

Self Help Groups – Atmanirbhar Narishakti se Samvad

 

PM interacted with girls Self Help Groups in ‘Atmanirbhar Narishakti se Samvad’.

In the ‘Samvad’, the PM interacted with ladies Self Help Group (SHG) members/community useful resource people promoted underneath the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM).

He also launched capitalization support funds to the tune of Rupees 1625 Crore to over 4 lakh SHGs.

In addition, Rs. 25 crore was released as seed money for 7500 SHG participants under the PMFME (PM Formalisation of Micro Food Processing Enterprises) Scheme.

During the occasion, the PM also launched Rs. 4.13 crore as funds to seventy-five FPOs (Farmer Producer Organizations) being promoted under the DAY-NRLM.

According to the PM, the women SHG motion has intensified in the final 6 – 7 years.

 

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