Morley-Minto Reforms, 1909 and Growth of Communalism

Morley-Minto Reforms, 1909 Increased the number of elected members in the Imperial Legislative Council and the provincial council However, most of the elected members were elected indirectly The reformed councils still enjoyed no real power, being merely advisory bodies. Introduced separate electorates under which all Muslims were grouped in separate constituencies from which Muslims alone … Read more

Muslim League and hindu communalism

Muslim League 1906 by Aga Khan, the Nawab of Dhaka, and Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk It made no critique of colonialism, supported the partition of Bengal and demanded special safeguards for the Muslims in government services. ML’s political activities were directed not against the foreign rulers but against the Hindus and the INC. Their activities were not … Read more

World War I and Gadar movement

World War I and Indian Nationalism Increasing number of Indians from Punjab were emigrating to North America. The British government thought that these emigrants would be affected by the idea of liberty. Hence, they tried to restrict emigration. Tarak Nath Das, an Indian student in Canada, started a paper called Free Hindustan. The Hindi Association … Read more

The Home Rule Movement

After being released in 1914, Tilak sought re-entry into Congress. Annie Besant and Gokhale supported. But finally Pherozshah Mehta won and Tilak was not admitted. Tilak and Besant decided to start the home rule movement on their own. In early 1915, Annie Besant (and S Subramaniya Iyer) launched a campaign through her two newspapers, New … Read more

Wars and Treaties

WarYearTreatyGov GeneralBattles et al
Anglo Marathas
First1775-82Began: Treaty of Surat

End: Treaty of Salbai

Warren HastingsBattle of Wadgaon
Second1803-05Began: treaty of BasseinLord WellesleyBattle of Assaye
Third1816-19Treaty of GwaliorMarquess  of HastingsBattle of Pindari

End of Peshwa rule

Anglo French
First1746-48Treaty of Aix-la-ChepelleReason: Austrian succession in Europe1746: Battle of Adyar/San Thome
Second1749-54War of succession between Nasir Jung (English) and Muzaffar Jung (French) after death of Nizam1749: Battle of Ambur

 

Rise of Robert Clive

Third1758-63Treaty of ParisReason: 7 years war in Europe1760: Battle of Wandiwash (French defeat)
Anglo Mysore
First1766-69
Second1780-1784Treaty of MangaloreWarren HastingsAfter death of Hyder Ali in 1782 Tipu led the war
Third1789-92Treaty of SeringapatnamCornwallisDefeat of Tipu
Fourth1799WellesleyBattle of Seringapatnam. Death of Tipu.
Anglo Sikh War
First1845-46Treaty of LahoreHardinge
Second1848-49DalhousieFinal Subjugation of the Sikhs

Read moreWars and Treaties

consolidation and reorganization within the country

Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.  Its a new topic added to the syllabus but the question regarding the state reorganization have been asked in the past… few institutes are suggesting india after gandhi by ghua or India since independence by bipin chandra… i dont feel that we shud read such large books for … Read more

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