Ideal Fuel Properties

 Fuels are any material that store potential energy in forms, which upon burning in oxygen liberates heat energy. Calorific value of fuel is the total quantity of heat liberated when a unit mass or volume of fuel is completely burnt. Higher or gross calorific value (HCV) in the total amount of heat produced … Read more

Exothermic And Endothermic Reactions.

 Endothermic Reactions Endothermic reactions are those chemical reactions where energy is absorbed by the system from the surroundings mostly in the form of heat. The concept is applied in the physical sciences like chemical reactions where hear is converted to chemical bond energy by way of experiments. Common examples of endothermic … Read more


 Robotics Robotics is a branch of engineering and science that includes electronics engineering, mechanical engineering and computer science and so on. This branch deals with the design, construction, use to control robots, sensory feedback and information processing. These are some technologies which will replace humans and human activities in coming years. These robots … Read more

Food Processing, And Food Packaging And Marketing

 Food Processing, and Food Packaging & Marketing Food Processing Industry (FPI) in India is a sunrise sector that has gained prominence in the recent years. Easy availability of raw materials, changing lifestyles and favourable fiscal policies has given a considerable push to the industry’s growth. FPI serves as a vital link between the … Read more

General Studies Of Alternating Current And Direct Current

 General studies of alternating current and direct current Alternating Current Alternating Current (AC) Alternating current describes the flow of charge that changes direction periodically. As a result, the voltage level also reverses along with the current. AC is used to deliver power to houses, office buildings, etc. AC can be produced using a … Read more

Excretory System

 Excretory System Introduction v  If you exercise on a hot day, you are likely to lose a lot of water in sweat. Then, for the next several hours, you may notice that you do not pass urine as often as normal and that your urine is darker than usual. v  Do you know … Read more

Epidemic Diseases

 Epidemic diseases Complete information on major types of epidemics in India India is endemic to many diseases such as Malaria, Kala-azar, Cholera, Tuberculosis. These erupt in epidemic form when conditions are favorable for their spread. Epidemics are disasters by themselves but these can emerge in the aftermath of other disasters as well. In … Read more

Ohms And Resistance

 Electric current Ohm’s law and Resistance   Electrical current is the flow of charged particles. The flow of charges will be constant in current electricity. Electric current flows from higher electric potential to lower electric potential. For the current to flow, it requires a circuit which is closed loop of a conducting material. … Read more

Elementary Idea Of LASER

 Elementary idea of LASER Laser, a device that stimulates atoms or molecules to emit light at particular wavelengths and amplifies that light, typically producing a very narrow beam of radiation. The emission generally covers an extremely limited range of visible, infrared, or ultraviolet wavelengths. Many different types of lasers have been developed, with … Read more

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