29.08.18 Karanataka (KPSC) Current Affairs

KARNATAKA

 

 

  • POCSO: 1023 cases filed, conviction 0

 

  • The pendency rate in the cases of sexual offences against children registered under Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) in Bengaluru alone has risen to nearly 80 percent since 2012.

 

  • The number of convictions is a cruel joke. It is a mere 67, while the number of genuine POCSO cases reported since 2012 is whopping 1,600 and the number of cases pending trial are 1,157.

 

  • It is evident by the number of convictions in POCSO cases in 2018, which is a big zero. Of 1,023 POCSO cases reported in the state, out of which 207 are from Bengaluru, none of them led to convictions or were disposed of.

 

  • In 2016, 301 POCSO cases were reported and the conviction could not reach even double digits and stood at four, while 28 cases were disposed of. Shockingly, as many as 263 cases were pending trials at the end of the year.

 

  • The year 2017 was equally shameful for the state with only eight convictions, while the number of cases registered under POCSO rose to 390. The police investigation too took a back seat in 2017 as they could not complete the investigation in 18 cases.

 

  • According to experts, the long-pendency in trials, especially in POCSO cases, lead to low convictions. By the time the cases come to the courts after a series of adjournments due to various reasons, including witnesses turning hostile or threatened to change the statements or victim changing their statement out of fear.

 

 

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

·        EU-India joined hands to develop new Influenza vaccine

 

  • EU – India committed EUR 15 million each to fund for this cause through the “Horizon 2020” 
  • Indian government and the European Union (EU)partnered for Rs. 240 crore research programme to develop a Next Generation Influenza Vaccine to protect people throughout the world.

 

  • The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe.

 

·        Google launches ‘Navlekha’ for Indian language publishers

 

  • At the fourth ‘Google for India’ event, Google has unveiled Project Navlekhā to help Indian language publishers take their content online.
  • Navlekhā is a word derived from Sanskrit meaning ‘a new way to write.’
  • The new platform will allow 1.35 lakh Indian publishers to digitise their offline content by creating instant web pages using scanned documents or PDFs.

 

 

·        Scientists create nano medical robot and sets Guinness World Record

 

  • The scientists have developed the smallest medical robotand set a new Guinness World Record. The device, which is of 120 nanometres in size, can interact with biological cells. These nanocomposite particles can assist to treat cancer and Alzheimer’s in the future and one day it might lead to huge medical advancements. The nanocomposites are made of two different types of multifunctional oxide materials in a “core and shell” configuration.

 

  • The core is magnetic and changes shape in response to magnetic fields. The ferroelectric shell converts pressure into electric potentials. The magneto-elasto-electric coupled effect in the nanocomposites acts as arms and legs that move the nanoparticle around to interact with targeted biological cells.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

  • National Sports Day: 29 August

 

  • The National Sports Day in India is celebrated on 29 August each year.

 

  • This day marks the birthday of Dhyan Chand Singh, the hockey player who won gold medals in Olympics for India in the years 1928, 1934 and 1936.

 

 

  • He scored over 400 goals in his career, from 1926 to 1948.

 

·        Central Government Signs MoU With 6 States For Lakhwar Yamuna Basin Project worth Rs 3,966.51 crore

 

  • Around 90 percent of the project will be funded by the Centre while the remaining amount will be paid by the six states.
  • Out of this, 1388.28 crore rupees will be borne totally by the Uttarakhand government.
  • The main aim is to solve the water crisis.
  • The 6 states are Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, and Delhi.

 

·        NOTA Option Not Applicable For Rajya Sabha Elections: Supreme Court

 

  • The ruling of ‘None of The Above’ (NOTA) option was made by a bench of Justices comprising CJI Dipak Misra and Justices AM Khanwilkar and DY Chandrachud.
  • The NOTA option is meant only for universal adult suffrage and direct elections and not for the polls held by the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote as done in the Rajya Sabha.

 

·        India wins first ever in Sepak Takraw at Asian Games 2018

 

  • India clinchedbronze in its maiden Sepak Takraw at Asian Games 2018. Indian men’s regu team lost to the defending champion Thailand. Thailand won India by securing 0-2.

 

  • Sepak Takraw originated in South-East Asia.

 

  • Sepak Takraw is a volleyball-style sport in which players use their feet, head, knees and chest to hit the ball across the net. They are not allowed to use their hands.

 

  • A Regu (team) consists of 3 players plus 2 substitutes per team.

·        National education policy hits 4th delay

 

  • The much-awaited National Education Policy (NEP) is likely to be delayed for the fourth time since it was first announced, with the government-appointed committee entrusted with the task of drafting the policy getting yet another extension till October 2018.

 

 

  • Headed by former Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chief K Kasturirangan, the panel was set up by the Union human resource development (HRD) ministry in June 2017. It was supposed to submit its report by December 2017 but was given an extension till March 2018. Later, it was given another extension till August, which has now been extended by another two months.

 

  • The suggestions that are likely to be made may not be implemented this academic year, as schools have already started their session in April and colleges in June July.

 

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