Data gaps threaten state’s fight against air pollution
An analysis of winter air pollution in South India, conducted by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE, New Delhi), has revealed that Karnataka shows major data gaps from the automated air-quality monitoring stations in the region under Continous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Stations (CAAQMS) program of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).
The analysis, covering 63 CAAQMS spread across the 39 cities in five southern states, has observed challenge of data gaps and data quality despite automation in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The situation relatively better in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Kerala. “Among Bengaluru stations, Silk Board has only 61% while Peenya and Jayanagar with 64% and 68%. Only 12 out of 21 stations of Karnataka outside Bengaluru meet the minimum requirement of 75%. It’s not clear why these stations have such poor data availability, this requires additional assessment,” the analysis stressed.
Analysis has also stated that data availability calculated as number of days with adequate PM2.5 data for computation of a valid 24hr-average has been low in 19 of 39 cities of 5 states.
IEA: Electricity Market Report
The International Energy Agency (IEA) published the bi-annual Electricity Market Report in early 2022.
According to the report, countries are increasingly turning to fossil fuels to meet rising electricity demand as Covid-19 lockdown restrictions ease.
In 2021, global electricity demand is expected to rise by 6% year on year. It was the IEA’s steepest year-on-year increase since the 2008 financial crash.
Year on year, global energy intensity fell by 1.9 percent. This drop was only half of what was needed to lay the groundwork for net-zero energy by 2050.
Renewable electricity generation will increase by 6% year on year in 2021. Coal-fired power generation has increased by 9%.
Climate of India During 2021
The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) released its “Climate of India during 2021” report.
According to reports, the year 2021 was the fifth warmest in India since national records began in 1901.
In 2021, India posted a loss of 1,750 lives due to extreme weather events. With 350 deaths, Maharashtra was the worst-affected state.
Among extreme weather events, lightning and thunderstorms claimed the most lives (787), followed by floods, heavy rains, and landslides, which killed 759 people.
In 2021, 172 people died as a result of cyclones in various states.
According to the report, 11 of the 15 hottest years in India occurred during the last fifteen years, from 2007 to 2021.
Indian Environment Service
The Supreme Court asked the Centre whether it was planning a dedicated Indian Environment Service in India’s bureaucratic set-up.
In 2014, a committee headed by former Cabinet secretary TSR Subramanian had recommended to set up Indian Environment Service.
Petition was filed by a lawyer Samar Vijay Singh, for the creation of an independent Indian Environment Services at all-India level.
However, prima facie it is doubtful if a mandamus can be issued. Though, an enquiry can be made on whether the government proposes to follow the recommendation of TSR Subramanian committee.
First Milk Village Of J&K – Jerri Hamlet
Jerri settlement in Reasi district was designated as the Union Territory’s first ‘Milk Village,’ with 57 additional dairy farms sanctioned under the Integrated Dairy Development Scheme (IDDS) for the hamlet.
The administration of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir has designated Jerri settlement in Reasi district as the first ‘Milk Village’ of the Union Territory.
It was Also officially recognized 57 more dairy farms for the hamlet under the Integrated Dairy Development Scheme (IDDS).
The village, which has 73 individual dairy units and 370 cows, will provide financial security to the local farmers.
Following the village’s designation as a ‘Milk Village,’ a total of 57 units have indeed been approved under the IDDS.
Under the IDDS, dairy units with five animals receive a 50% subsidy.
Digital Government Mission
The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology established the Digital Government Mission.
The mission will provide citizens with government services. The services will be delivered using machine learning and artificial intelligence.
It incorporates automated processes. For example, a student applying for a scholarship will receive an alert directly from the relevant department.
He or she is not required to inquire. It also makes food grains available to the public through the public distribution system.
It includes driver license renewals as well as reminders to renew government-issued documents.
- The mission seeks to provide benefits to citizens before they inquire about a scheme or subsidiary.
KPSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for KPSC Prelims and KPSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by KPSC Notes are as follows:-
- KPSC Mains Tests and Notes Program 2022
- KPSC Prelims Exam 2022- Test Series and Notes Program 2022
- KPSC Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program 2022
- KPSC Detailed Complete Prelims Notes 2022