17.11.22 KPSC Daily Current Affairs

13% state govt schools have tech labs, only 7% functional
Only 13% of government schools (upper primary to higher secondary) in Karnataka, home to the country’s IT capital, have ICT labs, says the latest U-DISE (Unified District Information System for Education) data released by the ministry of school education and literacy on Thursday. Worse, the percentage of government schools with a functional ICT (Information & Communication Technology) lab is just 7%.
However, Karnataka’s education department said the figures are not updated. “The data could be reflecting only labs built using government funds. Almost all schools have labs through donors or other means. Last year alone, 764 schools were given permission. Due to Covid-19, we could implement it only in 502 schools thus far.
Methane Alert and Response System
Recently the United Nations (UN) has decided to set up a satellite-based monitoring system “MARS: Methane Alert and Response System” for tracking methane emissions and alerting governments and corporations to respond.
The MARS initiative is intended to strengthen the efforts to cut methane emissions.
The MARS was launched at the 27th Conference of Parties (COP27) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt.
The data-to-action platform was set up as part of the UN Environment Programme’s (UNEP) International Methane Emissions Observatory (IMEO) strategy to get policy-relevant data into the right hands for emissions mitigation.
The system will be the first publicly available global system to connect methane detection to notification processes transparently.
MoHUA launches the Transport 4 All Challenge Stage-2 and Citizen Perception Survey-2022
The Transport4All Challenge is an initiative of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India, that aims at enhancing the mobility experience of citizens. The Challenge focuses on digital innovation and invites cities, citizens, and innovators to join hands to develop contextual digital solutions to improve formal as well as informal public transport to better serve the mobility needs of all citizens.
Three Stages of the Challenge
 The Transport4All through Digital Innovation Challenge comprises three stages:
  • Stage I PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Cities, with the support of NGOs, identify key recurring problems that citizens and public transport operators face
  • Stage II SOLUTION GENERATION: Startups develop prototypes of solutions to improve public transport with inputs from cities and NGOs
  • Stage III PILOT TESTING: Cities engage Startups for large-scale pilots and refine the solutions based on citizen feedback.
MoHUA launched the Urban Outcomes Framework 2022 in April, 2022 as an initiative to undertake a transparent and comprehensive assessment of cities based on cross-city outcomes across major sectors. The Framework also includes the third round of Ease of Living Index. The Ease of Living Index, as a 360-degree assessment, aims to evaluate cities across India based on the Quality of Life, Economic Ability, and Sustainability.
FinMinfinalises framework for sovereign green bonds

The Finance Ministry has finalised the framework to issue sovereign green bonds in line with global standards, according to sources. The government intends to mobiliseRs 16,000 crore from the issuance of green bonds during the second half of the current financial year. It is a part of the borrowing programme for the second half of this fiscal.
These rupee-denominated papers will have long tenure to suit the requirement of green infrastructure projects.
The government is planning a total borrowing of Rs 5.92 lakh crore during the October-March period of the current fiscal.

The government had in the Budget for 2022-23 projected a gross market borrowing of Rs 14.31 lakh crore.

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