- Leopard population in state up 30% in decade
- Between 2006 and 2017, the leopard population in the state increased by nearly 30% — up from 1,070 in 2006 to 1,395 in 2017. And the 2017 census showed a 20% rise in the leopard count from the previous census conducted in 2011.
- There were 1,170 leopards in the state according to a 2011 census. Understandably, operations to extricate leopards from human habitations have increased by 35%.
- Gujarat is ranked fourth in the country in leopard population.
- Across the state in 2016-17, 334 leopards were caught in villages; the number increased to 451 in 2017-18, a spike of 35%. Singh said Gujarat has the highest population of leopards after Uttarakhand, Karnataka, and Madhya Pradesh.
· India most outward migrants in 2017 according to ADB report
- The number of international migrants was topped by India, followed by China and Bangladesh.
- One-third of international migrants were from Asia in 2017.
- India had the most outward migrants in 2017 (17 million), followed by China (10 million) and Bangladesh (7.5 million).
- The global stock of international migrants from Asia rose 3.9 percent from 83.6 million in 2015 to 86.9 million in 2017.
· United Nations decided to launch project on creating Indias intangible heritage inventory
- This project dubbed- A snapshot inventory of intangible cultural heritage, will be launched to protect the disappearing intangible cultural heritage of India.
- This will include art forms, craftsmanship and other intangible cultural heritage of the country.
- The “Wiki-styled project” would be executed through “crowd-sourcing”.
· WHO reported that Delhi topped national charts in bad air quality
- World Health Organization’s (WHO) report onmost polluted cities 2018 said 14 out of the 20 most polluted cities in the world are in India. WHO reported that Delhi topped the charts of bad air quality nationally.
- Also, the WHO children’s health report released on 29th October said that 93% of the world’s childrenunder 15 years breathe polluted air. Indian environmentalists analysed the same issue in 14 cities using the Central Pollution Control Board of India(CPCB) data and concluded the same.
- Most cities, unlike Delhi, do not have an emergency response plan to tackle air pollution. Some of the cities like Patna and Varanasi have recently formulated action plans. There is no special governing body in place to issue advisories or mitigate the pollution at the source level instantly as in the case of the Graded Response Action Plan(GRAP).
· NSE got SEBI nod to launch copper large futures contract
- National Stock Exchange of India (NSE)got regulatory approval from SEBI to launch copper large futures contract.
- The copper large futures contract will have a trading unit of 25 tonnes at par with international commodity markets.
- It is one of the highest traded contracts and is considered as the global benchmark.
· ICGS Varuna: Reliance Naval launched training ship for Indian Coast Guard
- Anil Ambani-led shipbuilder Reliance Naval and Engineering (RNEL) launched a 3,000-tonne training ship for the Indian Coast Guard (ICG) named ‘ICGS Varuna’.
- The ship is a 105-meter long training vessel and is the largest ship ever built for the ICG and has a capacity to accommodate 242 personnel.
- It was built at a cost of Rs 220 crore and was launched at the shipyard of RNEL at the Pipavav Port in Amreli district of Gujarat.
· New child protection policy for shelters across country
- The Women and Child Development (WCD) ministry had come up with the guidelines drafted by the NGO Childline in 2013 before the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015. The ministry has demanded more teeth to these guidelines for better implementation. As the guidelines merely defined the rights of the children as individuals and made the ministry the nodal authority to follow the norms and not fix responsibilities.
- The ministry is all set to submit the revised protection scheme.
- Framing a policy for child protection might take time but a shorter and immediate action was necessary to help the victims of abuse.
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