Industries and industrial estates of Hyderabad
Hyderabad is a historic beautiful City and is the Capital of Telangana. The city is called “Pearl City” and famous for its twinkling pearls and glass embedded bangles. The city was founded during Qutub Shahi dynasty and was called Bhagyanagar. The present Hyderabad district came into existence in August 1978 with total geographic area of 199.6 square kilometers and covers the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. The District is located at 17 degrees 36 N latitude and 78 degrees 47 longitude and surrounded on all sides by Rangareddy District. The City is situated on the Deccan Plateau at a height of 1788 feet above sea level. The Hyderabad District has been divided into 16 mandals with 4 erstwhile taluks of Charminar, Golconda, Musheerabad and Secunderabad. The Hyderabad district houses some of the most prestigious industries like Vazir sultan Tobacco, Indian Oxygen, Hyderabad Industries, Thane Transformers company, Kedia Vanspati (Agarwal Industries) etc besides various public sector undertakings. With cosmopolitan culture, the city has congenial and hospitable environment for growth and development of SSI and Tiny industries. Charminar, Golconda fort, Salar Jung Museum, Makka Maszid, Zoological park, NTR Gardens, NTR Ghat under Buddha Purnima Project, Birla Science Museum and Temple, Ramoji Film City etc are the places of tourist attraction.
Hyderabad District, in its present shape, was formed in August 1978, when all its rural areas were included in Ranga Reddy District. The area of Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad (excluding a small part), Secunderabad Cantonment, Lalaguda and Osmania University are included in Hyderabad District. All the 65 revenue villages with its erstwhile taluks of Charminar, Golconda, Musheerabad and Secunderabad have been regrouped into 16 mandals. Hyderabad being the State Capital is highly developed in all aspects. It is situated at an altitude of 536 metres and offers pleasant weather conditions. The total geographical area of the District is 199.60 square kilometers.River Musi, a tributary of river Krishna, runs through the city, dividing it into old and new city. Drinking water needs of the city are met by the water from Osman sagar, Mir Alam Tank and from Manjeera River in Medak district. Proposals to supply drinking water from Nagarjuna Sagar to meet city’s demand are also under active consideration of the Government.
According to a survey, about 2000 I.T. qualified engineers / Professionals are being added to the human resources of the state every year. The Hyderabad city is a model for I.T. Industry and is called ‘Cybercity’. Leading I.T. Units are now situated in Hyderabad. The Software Technology Park of India (STPI) established at Hyderabad is assisting the growth of I.T. Industry in the State. Further, the Hitech City located at Madapur in R.R. Dist is a modern I.T. Business park, spreading over 150 acres of land with about 5 lakhs square feet of floor space for I.T. Companies.
A number of industries are located in the three Industrial Estates of Chandulal Bardari, Sanathnagar and Azamabad and abundant power supply is available for S.S.I / Tiny Units without any power cuts / power failures. Hyderabad, also being called, as “Cyberabad” has become a synonym for I.T. industry, with a number of public call offices and Internet cafes in addition to regular telephone connections. Road and Rail transport, Banks, STPH, Hitech City at Madapur, other theme parks such as Apparel Export Park, Export Promotion Park, Hardware Park, Biotech park etc in the outskirts of the city, besides various training institutes, offer ample scope for the growth and development of SSI & Tiny sector in the district. The term ‘Infrastructure’ covers various services like land, power, roads, communications, water etc and social infrastructure provides for health, education, sanitation, nutrition etc.
The City of Hyderabad is also known as ‘Cyberabad’ due to the development of I.T. industry with a number of internet Cafes, Public call offices (and about 6.5 lakhs of regular telephone connections), which offer various communication facilities like email, chat, teleconferences, video conferences etc. Similarly the city has 5 head post offices and many sub-offices in every corner of the city, providing speed post facility. There are many private courier services also operating in the city.
At the heart of Hyderabad’s technological progress juggernaut is the cybercity called HITEC City. The name stands for Hyderabad Information Technology Engineering Consultancy City and it provides a stark contrast to the historically-laden monuments and sites present in Hyderabad. The formation and birth of the HITEC City is the consummation of a state’s vision of becoming a contender in the information technology boom, largely reminiscent of Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah’s dreams when he started building Hyderabad itself. HITEC City was a project borne by Telangana chief minister’s desire to include Telangana in the roll of global performers in the field of information technology and IT-enabled services. It is a city within a city that is planned to have integrated infrastructural facilities such as offices spaces, production areas, auditoriums, housing for employees, and even shopping complexes. It is a massive site, and looking at it, it really isn’t stretch to think that 25% of computer personnel and services in the United States are from Hyderabad.
The centerpiece of HITEC City is a cylindrical structure 10 stories high, aptly called Cyber Towers. It offers five lakhs (one lakh is equivalent to 100,000) square feet of executive space. The Cyber Towers is home to many IT and ITES companies that currently service globally, including heavyhitters such as Oracle Corporation, GE Capital, Four Soft Limited, and Keane Incorporated. Patni Computer Systems Limited and Prithvi Information Solutions also takes up residence in this tower. The Towers is the first phase of the HITEC project and was inaugurated in November 1998.
Phase 2 of the HITEC City project is known as Cyber Gateway, the companion structure of Cyber Towers, encompassing about 8.5 lakh square feet of space. The name is derived from the giant arch in front of the building that serves as the gateway to the rest of HITEC City. The whole structure has a glass facade, landscaped gardens, and a waiting lounge. The whole place is designed as business process outsourcing models and IT-enabled services; as such, full power connectivity and multiple redundancies in case of emergencies are enabled. Like the Cyber Towers, the corporations housed in the Gateway include giants such as Dell Incorporated, Capitol Records, and software behemoth Microsoft. HITEC City is still expanding, with more and more global companies opting to settle in due to cheap labor, nice working environments, and competent workers. It will not be surprise if Hyderabad becomes a global powerhouse when it comes to information technology, with HITEC City leading the charge.
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