. Rising temperatures have led to a sharp increase in climate extreme events in recent years. The current trend of catastrophic climate events results from a mere 0.6 °C temperature rise in the last 100 years. Ignoring low probability risks could be catastrophic for the economy as well as society.
COVID-19 could be nature’s warning against climate change. Microbes are the bedrock which has regulated everything for billions of years: the atmosphere, the biome, the oceans and even the origin of species. They are the first to react to ecological changes. According to experts, the current pandemic is not the real threat but simply a foreshadow of what is coming.
About three in four of India’s districts are hotspots of extreme climate events such as cyclones, floods, drought, heat and cold waves, according to a study. • While India witnessed 250 extreme climate events between 1970 and 2005, the country recorded 310 extreme climate events after 2005 alone.
The intensity of floods increased eightfold and that of associated events such as landslides and heavy rainfall increased by over 20 times since 1970.
India is already the fifth most vulnerable country globally in terms of extreme climate events and it is all set to become the world’s flood capital. The frequency of cyclones has also doubled. Over 40% of Indian districts now show a swapping trend: flood-prone areas are becoming drought-prone, and vice-versa.
At the recent Climate Ambition Summit, the UN Secretary-General underscored the importance of adaptation and resilience to mainstream climate actions. India should create an Environment and Health De-risking Mission to increase emergency preparedness, secure critical resources and build resilient infrastructure and governance systems to counter the increasing frequency and intensity of extreme climate events.
Restoration, revival, and recreation of traditional climate-resilient practices, with a special focus on indigenous communities, often on the front lines of ecosystem conservation. India needs a comprehensive Climate Risk Atlas to present a risk-informed decision-making toolkit for policymakers at the national, State, and district level. To finance climate action, risk financing instruments should be supplemented by adaptation funds such as the Green Climate Fund.KPSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for KPSC Prelims and KPSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by KPSC Notes are as follows:-
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