Outline the major differences in International criminal court and International court of justice.


Basis of diffICJICC
Year of estb.19462002
Relationship with UNOfficial court of UN, Commonly known as world courtIndependent, not governed by UN. Prior sanction of UN is not mandatory for launching of prosecution.
HQPeace place, HagueHague
JurisdictionUN member states, Can give advisory opinions to UN bodiesIndividuals accused of crimes. Uses international law
Type of casesSovereignty, boundary disputes, maritime disputes, trade, natural resources, human rights, treaty violations, treaty inetrpretationGenocide, Crime against humanity, war crimes, crimes of aggression
Source of authorityDerives authority from UN charter, non UN members can also become members by ratifying the ICJ statueRome statue
AppealsICJ decision is binding. UNSC can review if states do not comply.Appeals Chamber, according to Rome Statute.
FundingUN fundedcontribution from state parties to the Rome Statute; voluntary contributions from the U.N; voluntary contributions from governments, international organizations, individuals, corporations and other entities.




Envt. Issue:  Huge amount of use of water and the possible contamination of ground water is the issue raised against the extraction of shale gas. India cannot afford to utilised so much amount of water as India is already water stressed.

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