Health care schemes in Karnataka
Health is crucial to human happiness and welfare. WHO opines that better health provides an important contribution to economic progress, as healthy population lives longer, are more productive which save more. Achieving and maintaining health is an important ongoing process. The Government of Karnataka during last few years has given significant importance to the health sector. Provision of good health care to the people is an essential component of the health strategy adopted by the State.
It is one of the schemes started by the State Government to provide post natal care for the mother and the child. The objective of the scheme is to encourage poor pregnant women to deliver in health centres and hospitals in order to considerably reduce maternal and infant mortality in the state. Under this programme, a kit is provided to women belonging to below poverty line families delivering in Government hospitals. The benefit is limited to two live deliveries.
National Health Mission
National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was launched on 12th April, 2005 by the Government of India to improve medical facilities in the rural areas of the country. It is modified as National Health Mission by combining the primary health care services to the urban and rural population. The NHM seeks to provide Accessible, Affordable and Quality Health Care to the rural population, especially the vulnerable sections.
The Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP)
The Integrated Disease Surveillance Project was launched in 2005 and became programme in the year 2012. The general objectives of the program aims at establishing a decentralized state based system of surveillance for communicable diseases, so that timely and effective public health actions can be initiated in response to health challenges in the country at the state and national level.
To improve the efficiency of the existing surveillance activities of disease control programs and facilitate sharing of relevant information with health administration community and other stakeholders so as to detect disease trends over time and evaluate control strategies.
In order to reduce IMR and Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) in the backward Districts of Vijayapura, Bidar, Gulbarga, Yadgir, Raichur, Koppal, Bagalkot and Chamarajanagar, empaneled private hospitals are given an incentive of Rs. 3 Lakhs for every 100 deliveries conducted including surgeries with treatment.
being free to the patients. This service is available across the length and breadth of Karnataka i.e., all the 30 Districts.
Arogya Kavacha 108
“ArogyaKavacha” 108 Emergency service was started in the state of Karnataka on November 1, 2008, by the Karnataka Health and Family Welfare Department under a Private Public Partnership through an MOU signed with GVK EMRI.
The Role and Mission of ‘108’ is to save lives by providing a comprehensive ‘Emergency Response Service’ to those in Medical, Police or Fire emergencies, through a single integrated number – 108. We operate 24 x 7 and 365 days of the year with a fleet of 711 well equipped ambulances. The ambulances are manned by a trained Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) and a trained driver (Pilot). This service is available across the length and breadth of Karnataka i.e., all the 30 Districts.
The Ambulances are stationed strategically in all Districts and taluks across Karnataka so they can reach the incident location within the shortest possible time anywhere in the state. The services are operated through a centralized Emergency Response Center located at Bangalore. At present there is one ambulance for every 85000 populations with a total of 711 Ambulances throughout the state.
To provide Drop Back facility for post postnatal mothers and new born from Government Health Facilities to their residence, 200 drop back vehicles called as “Nagu-Magu” were th inaugurated on 5 February 2014. The NaguMagu vehicles are deployed one each at the District Hospital and Taluka Level Hospitals. Drivers for Nagu-Magu Vehicle are outsourced by District Health Societies from Manpower Agencies by calling tenders as per KTPP Act. Total number of beneficiaries under NaguMagu from April 2017 to November 2017 is 82488.
Under This scheme, BPL pregnant women (including SC/ST) who undergo deliveries in Government Hospitals are given an incentive of Rs.2000 (Including Janani suraksha Yojana ) for getting their nutritional requirement. As per Government Order No. HFW 52 FPR 2014, dated: 15.10.2014 the parity and age limit is removed for 10 High Priority Districts of Karnataka (i.e. Bagalkote, Vijayapura, Gulbarga, Yadgiri, Koppal, Raichur, Bellary, Bidar, Gadag and Chamarajanagar).
For the first time in India, A Three way call conferencing structure for Mother Child tracking system called “VatsalyaVani” is launched in Karnataka by Hon’ble Chief Minister Shri. Siddaramaiah on 21st December 2015. This programme is implemented through Arogya Sahayavani-104.
Arogya Karnataka Programme
Apart from the schemes mentioned above, the government of Karnataka has launched a universal health insurance scheme for all its residents, in March 2018. The scheme is called as Arogya Karnataka and with this, Karnataka has become the first state in India to implement a scheme that offers universal health coverage (UHC). The scheme offers a cover of Rs.1.5 lakh per family per year and will benefit at least 1.43 crore households in Karnataka.
- All families falling under the BPL category can avail free treatment at empanelled hospitals. People in the APL category will have to pay 70% of the treatment costs while the rest will be borne by the state government.
- For specified healthcare treatments, the government will offer a financial assistance of up to Rs.30,000 in a year for a family comprising of 5 members.
- For tertiary treatments, the annual limit will be raised to Rs.1.5 lakh per year.
- Primary Health Institutes (PHI) will deliver primary healthcare treatments while tertiary healthcare facilities can only be availed at designated hospitals. Beneficiaries can avail secondary treatment at private hospitals only if the necessary procedure is unavailable at the government hospitals.
- Patients wishing to avail the benefits of the Arogya Karnataka scheme have to produce the UHC card issued by the Department of Health and Family Welfare.
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