Development of Economic and Social infrastructure in Karnataka
Infrastructure is required for social and economic growth and for promoting the quality of life both in urban and rural areas. For instance in urban areas, lack of adequate mass transport facilities has spawned an explosion of personalized transport especially of two wheelers and cars. The proliferating automobiles in cities have hiked pollution and accidents as never before. The clogged arteries of the cityscape have paradoxically slowed down mobility. And the urban-rural divide is manifest in every field of infrastructure development including transport. A large number of villages lack a reliable all weather road connection with near-by markets and towns.
Electricity is one of the most precious things that science has given to mankind. Electricity is used in every walk of life to meet the day to day domestic, commercial, industrial, transportation, communication, entertainment, medical, research and development works and every activity of the human beings.
Karnataka State has been experiencing conditions of power shortage because of the ever-growing demand for power influenced by the rapid economic progress. The State Government has been taking various initiatives to implement projects in the public as well as private sectors for adding new installed capacities for power generation. Power generation in the public sector is managed by the Karnataka Power Corporation Limited (KPCL), whereas the Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited (KPTCL) deals with transmission of power and load despatch functions. As part of the restructuring of the power sector in the State, the erstwhile Karnataka Electricity Board (KEB) was restructured as KPTCL in 1999 by giving it a corporate status. As per the Electricity Act 2003, KPTCL, being the State’s transmission utility, is not empowered to trade in electricity. Therefore, the distribution companies directly procure power from power generators, both public and private and ESCOMs’ own distribution network and use KPTCL’s transmission network to distribute electricity.
The State’s road network consists of National Highways (NH), State Highways (SH), Major District Roads (MDR), Municipal roads and other roads including village connectivity roads. The road development works in the State are carried out by multiple agencies, which include Public Works Department (PWD) of the State Government, local Governments such as Zilla Panchayat and its wings & in urban areas, the City Corporations, City Municipal Corporations (CMC) etc. the roads are maintained by the respective agencies.
The Government of India, Ministry of Surface Transport (Road Wings) has prepared the Road Development Plan for India 2001-2021. In this road development plan, the concept of Primary, Secondary & Tertiary Road System has been introduced for the purpose of transport planning, functional identification, earmarking administrative jurisdiction and assigning priorities on a road network.
The total length of rural roads for the year 2018-19 in Karnataka is 190862 kms. Improvement of Rural roads and their maintenance is being taken up under Pradhan Manthri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), Mukhya Manthri Grameena Rasthe Abhivruddhi Yojane (CMGSY) & RIDF schemes.
Namma Grama Namma Raste Yojane (NGNRY) was launched during the year 2010 with an objective to provide rural connectivity as per PMGSY guidelines. Under this programme, Rs 6567.50 crore has been spent and 14070.84 kms of road length has been asphalted as on November 2019. Karnataka Rural Road Development Agency is involved in preparation of detailed project reports in each stage , implementation of the works (as approved by Government of Karnataka) as per the required standards and release of grants provided by State Government.
Munirabad (Ginigere)-Mehaboobnagar (Raichur) Railway Line Project
The total length of this project is 170 Kms and is taken up on 50:50 cost sharing basis with Railways at an revised estimated cost Rs.1350.91 crore and provide the necessary land to an extent of 2421.40 acres at free of cost. The land to an extent of 1007.28 acres in Koppal District has been handed over to south Western Railways. The land to the extent of 235.67 acres in Raichur district has been acquired by the Government of Karnataka, the process of acquiring remaining land is under progress. In Rs.675.45 crores of state share, Rs.534.12 crore has been released by the Government of Karnataka.
Tumkur-Davanagere Railway Line Project
The total length of the project is 199.05 Kms and has taken up on 50:50 cost sharing basis with Railway at an estimated cost of Rs.1801.00 crore and provide the necessary land to an extent of 2281.40 acres at free of cost. At present, out of 1014.95 acres of land required in Tumkur and Shira taluks of Tumkur District. 1st stage- 135.66 acres of land handed over to Railways. 389.28 acres of land in Chitradurga, 238.58 acres of land in Davangere District land acquisition is in progress.
Chikkamagalur-Sakaleshpura Railway Line Project
The length of the project is 46 Kms at an estimated cost of Rs.657.80 crore. This Project has been taken up on 50:50 cost sharing basis between MoR and GoK. The Government has already released Rs.25.00 crore to the South Western Railway and Rs.85.14 crore towards the cost of land acquisition to the Deputy Commissioners, land acquisition process is in progress.
Urban Water Supply
The Karnataka Urban Water Supply and Drainage Board is responsible for providing Water Supply and Sewerage schemes in 276 urban areas of Karnataka except Bruhath Bangalore Mahanagara Palike. The Board has implemented assured safe drinking Water Supply Scheme to 231 urban areas from surface source.
The Board is implementing 5 schemes 1) Malur, 2)Bangarpet, 3)Gajendragad, 4)Naregal, 5)Anekal ] for shifting the source of water from ground water to assured surface source of water. All these schemes would be completed by the year December 2020, after which only 40 urban areas would be left with sub-surface water as source.
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