27.05.21 Daily KPSC Current Affairs

KARNATAKA

 

Sun Halo/Kaleidoscope Effect in Bangalore

Bangalore residents recently witnessed a bright rainbow ring around the sun for a few moments, a rare optical and atmospheric phenomenon known as a “22-degree circular Halo.”

This phenomenon is commonly referred to as the 22-degree circular halo of the sun, or sometimes called the moon (also called moon ring or winter halo), occurs when the sun’s or moon’s rays are deflected/refracted through hexagonal ice crystals found in cirrus clouds

This is also known as the Kaleidoscopic Effect.

These halos are known as 22-degree halos because the halo or ring has an apparent radius of 22 degrees around the sun/moon.
♦ Cirrus clouds, which are thin, detached, hair-like clouds, produce circular halos in particular. These clouds form at a height of more than 20,000 feet in the atmosphere.
♦ A halo, like a rainbow, is visible when viewed from the right angle, sometimes appearing only white but often with colours from the spectrum clearly visible.

INTERNATIONAL

International Week of Solidarity with the Peoples of Non-Self-Governing Territories

The United Nations is celebrating the “International Week of Solidarity with the Peoples of Non-Self-Governing Territories” from May 25 to 31, 2021.

A Non-Self-Governing Territory is one where “people have not attained a full measure of self-government,” according to the UN Charter.

In 1946, UN Member States identified a number of non-self-governing territories under their administration and placed them on the UN list.

The country that administers Non-Self-Governing Territories is called the administering powers.

However, due to the decolonization process, some territories were removed from the list.

India and Israel – Cooperation Work Program

India and Israel signed a three-year agricultural cooperation work program.

Highlights:

The “Indo-Israel Agricultural Project Centres of Excellence” and “Indo-Israel Villages of Excellence” are being implemented by Isreal and India.

Indo-Israel Agricultural Project Centres of Excellence:

The Agriculture Ministry, the Government of India, and Mashav (Israel’s International Development Cooperation Agency) are leading Israel’s largest G2G cooperation, with 29 operational Centres of Excellence (COEs) across India in 12 states.

They are establishing Advanced-Intensive Agriculture farms using Israeli Agro-Technology tailored to local conditions.

The Centres of Excellence generate knowledge, demonstrate best practices, and provide farmer training.

 

NATIONAL

Mekedatu Multi-Purpose Project – NGT

The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has formed a joint committee to investigate allegations of illegal construction activity in Mekedatu. The Karnataka government had proposed building a dam across the Cauvery River in the same location.

Highlights: 

The Mekedatu multi-purpose project entails the construction of a balancing reservoir across the Cauvery River near Kanakapura in Ramanagaram district.

It intends to supply drinking water to the districts of Bengaluru and Ramanagaram, as well as generate electricity.

However, Tamil Nadu has objected on the grounds that the project violates the award of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal.

 

Government Clarification Regarding Issues with Whatsapp

The Indian government has stated that it recognises the right to privacy as a fundamental right and is committed to providing it to Indian citizens and at the same time it is also committed to maintaining law and order as well as national security.

Highlights:

The Information and Technology (IT) Minister stated that “none of the measures proposed by India will have any impact on the normal functioning of WhatsApp in any way whatsoever, and there will be no impact on ordinary users.”

 According to the clarification, the right to privacy, like all fundamental rights, is not absolute and is subject to reasonable limitations.

 It stated that the requirements in the Intermediary Guidelines pertaining to the first source of information are an example of a reasonable restriction.

 

Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery in India

Gold jewellery hallmarking will start on June 15th. Due to the Covid pandemic, this date has been pushed back even further to January 15, 2021.

Mandatory hallmarking of gold jewellery/artefacts was scheduled to begin on January 15, 2020, but was pushed back to June 1, 2021, in order to clear out old stock of unhallmarked jewellery.

 Jewellers who sell gold jewellery and artefacts will be required to register with the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and sell only hallmarked gold jewellery and artefacts.

 The goal of making hallmarking mandatory is to ensure that consumers are not cheated when purchasing gold ornaments and receive the purity indicated on the ornaments.

 

 

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