Karnataka: Rural Development Initiative
Development of rural areas has a bearing on improving agricultural production and related economic activities, availability of natural and financial resources and their development. The rural development programmes are implemented through Rural Development and Panchayat Raj department towards promoting effective and inclusive rural development. The rural development programmes focus on providing quality life to the rural people through provision of housing, drinking water, sanitation, roads and connectivity and employment.
Karnataka Rural Infrastructure Development Ltd
The Karnataka Land Army Corporation Limited was established as an undertaking of the Government of Karnataka on 9th August 1974. The name of the Organization was changed from Karnataka Land Army Corporation Limited (KLAC) to Karnataka Rural Infrastructure Development Limited (KRIDL) with effect from August 2009. The organization was started with an authorized Government share capital of Rs.1.00 crore and subscribed capital of Rs.25.00 Lakh. The authorized share capital was enhanced to Rs.15.00 crore. The Government of Karnataka in the year 2006 has further subscribed Rs.12.00 crores as share capital and thus as on date subscribed share capital of the company is Rs.12.25 crores. The Organization has the objective of undertaking Civil construction of tanks, irrigation works, low cost housing, Roads, culverts and buildings etc. in rural areas employing rural youth. Currently the Organization has a turnover of Rs.1808.57 crores (upto November-2017) with a staff strength of around 801 including 300 highly dedicated and qualified civil engineers handling civil works all over the State. The main objective of the Organization is to undertake developmental works in rural areas including employment oriented works entrusted by the State Government Departments, Statutory Boards and Local Self Government under various schemes and programmes. The works are executed directly at Government (PWD) scheduled rates without the involvement of contractors. The Organization is a designated agency of the State Government for the purpose of Departmental execution of works.
Grama Swaraj Yojana
The World bank assisted Grama SwarajProject-Karnataka Panchayath Strengthening project Rs.600 crores was implemented since 2006-07 to 2013-14. The main objective of the project is to enable people to improve their standard of living condition in 39 most backward taluks, especially providing services as decided and prioritized by the rural people and more emphasis was given for capacity building of Panchayath Raj Institutions. Further it was decided to take up Grama Swaraj Project – Phase II at total cost of Rs.2000.00 crore with World Bank assistance. Preliminary work in this regard like, preparation of operation manual, study on social and environmental protection has been completed. Action is being taken to enter MOU with Government of India and World Bank.
Grama Vikasa/Suvarna Gramodhaya
Provision has been made for formulation of the integrated programmes for being implemented in Rural Karnataka with a view to lead the assured life from slavery to the right to life. Every village of the Karnataka has been made free from waste, litigation. debit open defecation and fear for thorough change, through which all the various programmes meant for implementation in a time bound to Karnataka civil people could be high percentage for the State of Karnataka.
Chief Minister Grama Vikasa Yojana
As per the announcement made in the budget of 2017-18, by the Hon’ble Chief Minister in the budget for 2017-18, Chief Minister Grama Vikasa Scheme has been taken up in 1000 villages at a total cost of Rs.1000.00 crores at an estimated cost of Rs.1.00 crore per village. Provision is made to select villages as per the choice by 189 Rural assembly constituencies and State legislative council members. For implementation of this scheme during 2017-18 throughout the State, to compete it in a period of two years, a comprehensive guidelines has been brought in force.
Rural Water Supply
The Government of India and the State, under NRDWP programme is implementing Rural Water Supply Schemes to provide adequate and safe Drinking water to the rural Population. The norm for providing potable drinking water is 55 litres per capita per day (LPCD) with a provision of 3 litres for drinking, 5 litres for cooking, 15 litres for bathing, 10 litres for washing utensils and domestic applications, 10 lit res for ablution/toilets and 12 litres for washing cloths and other uses. A ‘Habitation’ is a locality in a village with a cluster of families. Considering the average size of the family as 5 persons, a ‘habitation’ should include 20 families totaling 100 persons, with the exception in hilly areas, where the habitation can have a population of less than 100 persons. Fully Covered (FC) habitations are those with entire population is provided with drinking water as per norms. Partially Covered habitations are those where supply of drinking water is less than 55 LPCD. Habitations with access to safe drinking water source/point (from public/ private source) of at least 10 LPCD and less than to 55 LPCD, within 1.6 kms in the plains and within 100 meters in hilly areas are characterized as PC. Not Covered (NC) habitations are those where the coverage under safe water from all sources is below 10 LPCD and/or habitations with quality affected at source viz., excess salinity, iron, fluoride, arsenic or other toxic elements or biologically contaminated. Access to safe drinking water and sanitation is indispensable for a healthy life.
Pradhana Manthri Gram Sadak yojana (PMGSY)
PMGSY was launched in the State during December 2000 with the objective of providing rural connectivity by way of all weather roads to eligible habitations having a population of 500 and above by the end of 2007. Under this programme, Rs 4740.35 crore has been spent and 18536.54 km of road length has been asphalted as on November 2017. In order to implement the scheme more effectively, Karnataka Rural Road Development Agency has been formed during October 2005. The agency is involved in preparation of detailed project reports in each stage, implementation of the works (as approved by Government of India) as per the required standards and, release of grants provided by Government of India. As on date, the State still yet to connect 1771 (population between 250-499) unconnected habitations.
Remote village energy programme
MGIRED has taken up Remote Village Energy Programme with an effort to reach out to the people located in unreachable areas and deprived of basic amenities such as electricity. The beneficiaries are provided SPV/PCO hydro/Small wind individual or community based power facilities based on feasibility in addition to providing smokeless chullas. Beneficiary contribution of 10% of the project cost is mandatory to ensure feeling of ownership.
Karnataka State Rural Livelihood Promotional Society (KSRLPS)
The SGSY scheme has been restructured as DAY-National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAYNRLM). Every State has to establish State Mission to implement this scheme. Accordingly KSRLPS-Sanjeevini society has been established under RD&PR department in the Empowered State. The implementation of the scheme has commenced from 2013-14 in Karnataka. The Committee of the Ministry of Rural Development has approved an Annual Action Plan (2017-18) under NRLP for Rs.15.00 crore (including special project) and under NRLM for Rs.84.00 crore. During 2014-15 20 taluks, and during 2015-16, 64 taluks were covered under the scheme with intensive approach. The remaining 92 taluks in the State are planned to be covered under intensive approach during 2016-17. Under NRLM an amount of Rs. 67.04 Crore has been released and Rs.46.01 Crores expenditure is incurred as end of October 2017. Similarly, under NRLP, Rs. 9.70 Crore has been released and incurred an expenditure of Rs.8.06 crores.
KPSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for KPSC Prelims and KPSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by KPSC Notes are as follows:-
- KPSC Mains Tests and Notes Program
- KPSC Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program
- KPSC Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program
- KPSC Detailed Complete Prelims Notes