20.07.21 Daily KPSC Current Affairs

KARNATAKA

 

Huge drop in Karnataka’s fertility rate over past four decades

 

 

BJP-governed Uttar Pradesh and Assam are moving towards a two-child policy. Karnataka, the state with the eighth-largest population (nearly 6.5 crore), is considering a similar population-control measure. Recently, law minister Basavaraj Bommai said the state government was studying UP’s draft law that aims to lower the gross fertility rate to 2.1 by 2026 and 1.9 by 2030.

But some experts argue that Karnataka doesn’t need such steps, pointing to the decreasing total fertility rate, which is the number of babies each woman is expected to have during her reproductive years. The rate reached a record low of 1.7 births per woman in 2020 compared to 3.6 in 1981, according to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS).

 

Experts also say that a two-child policy may lead to issues such as an increase in female foeticide and unsafe abortions. The government has been making efforts to sensitise people, but data indicates that this practice is still rampant. Currently, Karnataka stands eighth among states with the most gender imbalance.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Nelson Mandela International Day – 18th July

 

The UN observes July 18 every year as Nelson Mandela International Day. This day acknowledges Nelson Mandela’s contribution to the struggle for democracy and the promotion of a culture of peace all over the globe. This day is an occasion for all to take action and inspire change.

Background:

♦ On July 18, 2009, the first Mandela Day was observed in the city of New York. The UNGA adopted a resolution on November 10, 2009, declaring 18 July as Nelson Mandela International Day. Nelson Mandela day marks his contribution to peace through his active involvement in resolving conflicts, promoting human rights, international democracy, reconciliation, and addressing racial issues.

 

NATIONAL

 

 

Launch of SIATP Programme

 

School Innovation Ambassador Training Program (SIATP) has been launched to enhance the innovation capability of the students.

Highlights:

♦ The SIATP programme aims at nurturing students with innovation capabilities, develop them a culture of innovation and lay the base of a new and vibrant India.

♦ It was launched jointly by the ministries of Education and Tribal Affairs.

♦ The program launched is a joint effort by the Ministry of Education’s Innovation Cell, Ministry of Tribal Affairs, CBSE and AICTE.

♦ The initiative will benefit a large number of schools for tribal children across the country by giving wings to the children’s creativity and providing a platform so that they can provide something new to the world with their ideas.

♦ The program is aimed at 50000 schoolteachers.

 

  1. Foundation Day of Indian Council of Agriculture Research
  2. Foundation Day of Indian Council of Agriculture Research

 

Foundation Day of the Indian Council of Agriculture Research is on 16th July. And this year is the 93rd foundation day.

About ICAR:

♦ Indian Council Agriculture Research is an autonomous body responsible for coordinating agricultural education and research in India.

♦ Indian Council Agriculture Research is the largest network of agricultural research & education institutes in the world.

♦ This body reports to the Department of Agricultural Research and Education under the Union Ministry of Agriculture.

♦ The Union Minister of Agriculture serves as its president.

♦ Headquarters: New Delhi

♦ ICAR is earlier known as the Imperial Council of Agricultural Research. And, it was established on July 16, 1929, as a registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.

 

Infection spreading in local clusters: Government

 

Even as there is a consistent decline in daily cases of Covid since May, some states are recording a high share of cases, health officials said underlining need for proactive measures to contain the infection in localised clusters and remain vigilant against wider spread.

Five states — Kerala, Maharashtra, TN, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha — accounted for 73.4% of total new cases in July. Despite the declining trajectory of cases, the share from these states to the total count is increasing, particularly Kerala and Maharashtra — that add up to more than 51% cases reported in July so far.

 

There are also states like Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Arunachal Pradesh that are witnessing a surge in cases. The Centre has deputed teams to 11 such states to assist governments in controlling the spread. Besides northeastern states, the teams have been sent to Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Kerala and Odisha.

The Centre is also worried over the slowdown in rate of decline in daily new cases that have stagnated at an average of around 40,000 cases since last three weeks. Currently, there are 55 districts in 13 states reporting over 10% positivity. While Rajasthan tops the list with nine such districts, Kerala and Manipur have eight districts each, Meghalaya has seven and Nagaland five districts.

 

 

 

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