Health Indicators

Health indicators are quantifiable characteristics of a population which researchers use as supporting evidence for describing the health of a population. Central  Government is limited to family welfare and disease control programs, the state governments are responsible for primary and secondary medical care with a limited role in specialty care.

Vital Health Indicators for India are:-
Life expectancy at birth m/f (years, 2015)67/70
Probability of dying under five (per 1 000 live births, 0)not available
Probability of dying between 15 and 60 years m/f (per 1 000 population, 2015)216/142
Total expenditure on health per capita (In $, 2014)267
Total expenditure on health as % of GDP (2014)4.7
  • Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) (per 100000 live births) for India is 167 in 2017 (Niti Ayog), while for Uttarakhand its 285.
  • Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) (per 1000 live births) for India is 40 in 2013 (Niti Ayog).
  • Under 5 Mortality Rate (U5MR)(per 1000 live births) for India is 29 in 2015 (Niti Ayog).
  • Institutional Deliveries (as a % of total deliveries)  for India is 78.9 , while for Uttarakhand Its 68.6
  • Immunisation (% of Children Fully Immunised – Ages 12-23 months)  for India is 62 , while for Uttarakhand Its 57.7
  • Health Infrastructure of States  for India is 1,53,655-Sub Centre, 25,308-PHCs and 5,396- CHCs  , while for Uttarakhand Its 1,848-Sub Centre, 257-PHCs and 59- CHCs

Structure of the government healthcare service:

  • Primary Care (in rural areas): 22,271 primary healthcare centers and 137,271 sub-centers.
  • Secondary Care (healthcare centers in smaller towns and cities): 1,200 PSU (public sector units) hospitals, 4,400 district hospitals, and 2,935 community healthcare centers.
  • Tertiary Care (hospitals): 117 medical colleges and hospitals.


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